Get answers to questions like “how long does meth stay in your system?” and “what are the symptoms of meth addiction?”
Methamphetamine is a potent, extremely addictive stimulant that affects the central nervous system. It appears as a white, flavorless, bitter-tasting powder that dissolves readily in water or alcohol.
Methamphetamine is a Schedule II drug. Using Schedule II drugs increases the likelihood that someone will develop a substance use disorder (SUD), which may lead to severe physical or psychological dependence.
Both prescription and illicit drugs fall under this category, and the risk of addiction is reduced when taking prescription Schedule II drugs as recommended and under a doctor’s supervision. Cocaine, morphine, Adderall, and Ritalin are some other examples of Schedule II substances.2
Methamphetamine abuse can have both long and short-term effects on the mind and body. These effects will be detailed below.
When methamphetamine is injected or inhaled, a euphoric sensation known as a “rush” or “flash” is immediately experienced due to the release of an excess of dopamine into the brain. Inhaling methamphetamine results in a euphoric feeling, but not a rush.
Methamphetamine has similar side effects to other stimulants, such as:
HIV and hepatitis B and C are among the infectious diseases that are more likely to be acquired by methamphetamine injectors due to contact with blood or other bodily fluids that may stay on medical equipment and spread these infections. In addition to impairing cognition and decision-making, methamphetamine use can lead to dangerous behaviors, such as unprotected intercourse, which raises the chance of contracting an infection. The use of methamphetamine may accelerate the spread of HIV/AIDS and its effects. According to studies, those with HIV who use methamphetamine experience more cognitive issues and nerve cell damage than those with HIV who don’t use the drug.3
Extreme weight loss is just one of the detrimental effects of long-term methamphetamine use. Others include:
Methamphetamine is a highly addictive substance, so much so that person would experience withdrawal symptoms upon ceasing meth use.
There are a variety of signs and symptoms that accompany methamphetamine addiction. When addicted to meth, users will experience:
When experiencing a meth overdose, the signs and symptoms users experience will be much more serious and severe and require immediate medical attention. Signs of an overdose include:
There are numerous factors that can influence how long a methamphetamine user stays high and how long meth stays present in the body.
Depending on the stage of meth high the user is in, a meth high can last anywhere from four to sixteen hours. The length of a methamphetamine user’s effects typically relies on when and how they ingested the substance. A meth high also comes in waves, beginning with an initial rush and ending with a crash.
How long meth will be detectable on a drug test is difficult to predict because detection varies based on the individual’s health, metabolism, age, level of physical activity, and frequency of use.
When substances are taken, the gastrointestinal tract absorbs and distributes them into the body’s tissues. When a substance is injected, inhaled, or snorted, the gastrointestinal tract is not involved, and the substance is transported directly to the tissues.
There are numerous methods through which drug testing occurs, including:6
Most instances of false positives for amphetamines can be attributed to the chemical makeup of the substance; however, case studies and retrospective analyses have linked numerous substances to false positives.
Some common drugs like promethazine, quetiapine, quinolones (ofloxacin and gatifloxacin), ranitidine, sertraline, thioridazine, trazodone, venlafaxine, and verapamil, can result in a false positive on a drug screen. Methamphetamine and amphetamine are the most frequently reported false positives.
Initial meth withdrawal, which lasts for an average of two weeks, can cause several symptoms. Meth withdrawal symptoms include:
There are a variety of treatment options for recovering from methamphetamine addiction, ranging from detoxification to intensive psychotherapy. Some of these treatment opportunities will be discussed further below.
Detoxification is typically the first step in a therapy plan, which involves limiting withdrawal symptoms and removing a drug from the body. A person who is dependent on multiple substances will frequently require medication to ease the symptoms of withdrawal from each.
The extent and duration of an individual’s addiction and any co-occurring mental health conditions determine the kind of therapy that is necessary, whether that be residential or outpatient treatment. Generally speaking, most patients will need treatment for at least three months. Longer treatment times are also linked to greater treatment results.
This option is only available to patients with less severe addiction. It enables them to continue to carry out their daily schedule and activities while continuing addiction treatment. Individual, group, or family therapy may be a part of an outpatient meth treatment program.
Depending on the needs of the person, therapy may be provided in a group, a family, or an individual setting. The initial phase of treatment is typically vigorous, with the number of sessions progressively decreasing as symptoms improve. Various forms of therapy used include:
At San Diego Detox Center, your health and wellness is our priority. We have trained specialists ready to give you the best treatment possible in our well-regulated treatment centers. Don’t hesitate to contact us today; we are here to help you regain autonomy over your life.